Lukács, György

(1885-1971)
A Hungarian Marxist philosopher who was a government minister during the short-lived Hungarian revolution of 1919, after which he spent many years in exile in Stalin's Russia, spending a short period there in prison.
Lukács came to Marxism via both Kant and Hegel . His early critical position is sometimes regarded as existentialist : this is particularly true of The Soul and its Forms (1911) and to a lesser extent of The Theory of the Novel (1920). He argued that Marxism offers a solution to the dualisms of classical European philosophy, in particular the reconciliation of subject and object. In History and Class Consciousness (1923), he maintains that the experience of the working class itself is that of the subject and the object of history, and that Marxism is able to construct this experience into a theory of the social totality. The notion of totality is, for Lukács, the most important concept in Marxism, because it enables one to penetrate the appearances of social reality (dominated by commodity fetishism and reification ), to understand the real human relationships that underlie these surface manifestations. He developed a theory of political organization which reconciles the importance that Lenin gives to the party with Rosa Luxemburg's emphasis on spontaneity.
His political writings tend to be prominent during periods of left-inspired social upheaval and often forgotten in between. In the 1920s his political position came under attack in the Comintern and he concentrated instead on literary theory, developing a notion of socialist realism that goes beyond the crass simplicity of Stalinist orthodoxy, but which never succeeded in coming to terms with literary modernism. The good realist novel is seen as one which portrays underlying social relations rather than surface appearances. See in particular The Historical Novel (1947) and Studies in European Realism (1935-9). See also critical theory ; ideology.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Lukács, György — Lu·kács (lo͞oʹkäch), György. 1885 1971. Hungarian philosopher, literary critic, and politician whose Marxist writings include History and Class Consciousness (1923). * * * born April 13, 1885, Budapest, Hung. died June 4, 1971, Budapest Hungarian …   Universalium

  • Lukács, György — (1885–1971) Hungarian Marxist philosopher. Lukács was briefly a minister in the Hungarian government in 1919 and again in 1956, although he spent years in exile in Russia. Lukács saw in Marxism the way to overcome the duality of subject and… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Lukacs, György — (1885 1971)    Hungarian philosopher and literary critic. He was born in Budapest, where he later became commissar of education. When Hitler came to power he fled to the USSR. After World War II he returned to Hungary, was elected to parliament,… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lukács, György — ► (1885 1971) Político y filósofo marxista húngaro. Sus obras lo acreditan como uno de los principales teóricos marxistas. Autor de Historia y conciencia de clase. * * * (13 abr. 1885, Budapest, Hungría–4 jun. 1971, Budapest). Filósofo y crítico… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lukács, György —    см. Лукач, Дёрдь …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Lukács — Lukács, György …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Lukács — Lukács, György …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lukács — Lukács, György …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Gyorgy Markus — György Márkus (* 13. April 1934) ist ein ungarischer Philosoph und Schüler von Georg Lukács. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Philosophie 3 Werke 4 Preise 5 Quellen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • György Márkus — (* 13. April 1934) ist ein ungarischer Philosoph und Schüler von Georg Lukács. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Philosophie 3 Werke 4 Preise …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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